This mini review highlights the technological pathways of utilizing natural gas in a transition to sustainable renewable energy systems, with a focus on the natural gas components and resources point of view for ASEAN member states.
Energy security and sustainability are undeniably the main concerns in combatting climate change. While an immediate call for all-green and renewable energy seems to be impossible due to huge financial implications and inadequate supporting energy structure, an alternative to fossil fuels needs to be established.
Natural gas, a naturally occurring fossil gas is a cleaner energy source option compared to other fossil fuels such as coal, bitumen, and diesel. Natural gas makes the best fit for a sustainable renewable energy transition in any country around the globe due to its competitiveness towards other fossil fuels such as coal and its ability to aid the integration of renewables.
Natural Gas Reserves, Production, And Demand In ASEAN
As the ASEAN region is bestowed with an abundance of natural gas deposits, which put the region as a net natural gas exporter, it makes sense that natural gas is the key energy source for the sustainable renewable energy transition in the region. Malaysia, Indonesia, and Brunei are ASEAN member states that has been known as liquefied natural gas (LNG) exporter for the last four decades.
Malaysia poses 42 trillion cubic feet (tcf) of proved natural gas reserves in 2016, which is the fifth-largest natural gas reserve holder in the Asia-Pacific region behind China, Indonesia, Australia, and India. According to Energy Information Administration (EIA), Malaysia is the third-largest exporter of LNG in the world after Qatar and Australia in 2016, and the second-largest oil and natural gas producer in Southeast Asia, behind Indonesia.
Indonesia, the most populous country in Southeast Asia, is the fifth-largest exporter of LNG in the world. Indonesia possessed 102 trillion cubic feet (tcf) of proved natural gas reserves in 2016. The country’s proved natural gas reserves are the second largest in the Asia-Pacific region, after China.
Brunei, the smallest country in ASEAN, produced 410 billion cubic feet of dry natural gas in 2016 and has been a long-term LNG exporter to Japan and Korea.
Copyright © 2021 Mohammad, Mohamad Ishak, Mustapa and Ayodele. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0).
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