This article looks at the Internet of Things (IoT) as an enabling technology for the Smart City.
By Bauer M, Sanchez L, and Song J.
For the last decade the Smart City concept has been under development, fostered by the growing urbanization of the world’s population and the need to handle the challenges that such a scenario raises. During this time many Smart City projects have been executed–some as proof-of-concept, but a growing number resulting in permanent, production-level deployments, improving the operation of the city and the quality of life of its citizens. Thus, Smart Cities are still a highly relevant paradigm which needs further development before it reaches its full potential and provides robust and resilient solutions.
Historically, cities and their citizens have spearheaded the enormous technological and social changes that have been taking place continuously, especially since the transition from an agricultural economy to an industrial one.1 This phenomenon is especially significant from the mid-eighteenth century and it will become more intense if the predictions that forecasts the progressive urbanization of the world population (e.g., around the year 2050, approximately 70% will concentrate in some type of city)2 finally come true.3 With these boundary conditions, it is evident that the achievement of more efficient and sustainable cities is an essential objective for which politicians, managers and technicians must work in order to guarantee the quality of life of their citizens.4
Although this paradigm of sustainability and efficiency has always been important for the managers of cities, it has not been until very recently that technology has made available to the responsible parties a plethora of possibilities that, when properly employed, translate into significant savings.5 At the same time, the day-to-day improvement of the citizens is consolidating a new urban concept in which the different processes and systems that occur in it are continuously monitored in both time and space.6
The Internet of Things (IoT) is recognized as a game-changer technology that expands its applicability to a huge variety of scenarios and domains.
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